Dearborn MI - (313) 274-0990
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By Dr. Mayer Salama and Dr. Daniel Salama
August 31, 2017
Category: Foot Facts

Your foot is a very complex part of your body. It houses 26 bones that are held together by muscles, tendons, and ligaments.  These muscles, tendons, and ligaments form a network within your foot and connect it together. They also support your joints and your mobility. Without them, we would not be mobile beings and our feet would not be in the same shape that we are so familiar with.

There are approximately 20 muscles in one entire foot. They give the foot its overall shape. These muscles expand and contract as your foot moves and help with stability. These muscles each have their own name and function.

  • Anterior Tibial – Lets the foot move upward.
  • Posterior Tibial - Supports the arch and allows it to keep its shape.
  • Peroneal Tibial – Controls outside ankle movement.
  • Extensors – Allows the toes and ankles to raise to take a step.
  • Flexors – Stabilizes the toes on the ground and helps keep balance.

The small muscles in the foot allow the foot to lift and curl. This is also helpful when walking and running.

The tendons in the foot connect the muscles to bones and joints. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It is also the strongest tendon. It runs from the heel all the way up into the lower leg. It has important functions during running, jumping, and walking up the stairs.

The ligaments in the foot hold the tendons in place and help to stabilize the joints. The biggest ligament is the plantar fascia, which forms the main arch of the foot and allows the arch to contract and extend  when you walk.

There are also medial (inside) and lateral (outside) ligaments in the foot. These ligaments provide more stability and balance when the foot moves up and down.

If the foot did not have its intricate anatomy, then we would not be able to live a mobile and active lifestyle. Each piece of the foot is so important to our daily lives and health.

If you suspect an injury to your muscles, ligaments, or tendons, it is important to call a podiatrist right away. Delayed treatment could lead to permanent and irreversible damage. The office of Dr. Mayer Salama and Dr. Daniel Salama, which is located in Dearborn, Farmington Hills, Clarkston and Trenton, Michigan, can help you heal your foot issues and any other underlying conditions. Dr. Mayer Salama and Dr. Daniel Salama are highly trained podiatrists who take pride in their work and their patients. Call 313-274-0990 or make an appointment online today.


Dr. Mayer Salama and Dr. Daniel Salama
3408 West Rd (In Grange Plaza)
Trenton, MI 48183 -(734) 676-4664

2200 Monroe
Dearborn, MI 48124 - (313) 274-0990

6770 Dixie Hwy. Suite 101
Clarkston, MI 48346 - (248) 625-1110

23800 Orchard Rd Suite 201
Farmington Hills, MI  48336 - (248) 474-0040